Types of Dementia
There are many types of dementia but the most common causes include Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies. Understanding the symptoms associated with each type of dementia can help in ensuring each person’s care needs are met. It is important to remember that no two people experience dementia in the same way.
There are different types of dementia, the most common are:
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Vascular dementia
- Frontotemporal dementia
- Dementia with Lewy bodies
What are the symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease?
In the early stages of Alzheimer's disease symptoms may be very subtle. You may notice lapses in memory and difficulty in finding the right words for everyday objects appear as the first noticeable symptoms. Other symptoms may include forgetting well-known people or places, deterioration in social skills, loss of enthusiasm for previously enjoyed activities and emotional unpredictability. Symptoms may fluctuate from day to day and often become worse in times of stress or if the person is unwell.
What are the symptoms of vascular dementia?
Vascular dementia is the broad term which describes dementia associated with problems of circulation of blood in the brain. Symptoms vary, depending on the part of the brain where blood flow is impaired. Symptoms often overlap with those of other types of dementia, especially Alzheimer's disease and include confusion, difficulty with concentration and memory, restlessness, agitation and depression. Sometimes an increase in symptoms occurs following a series of strokes but they may also progress in a gradual steady decline.
What are the symptoms of frontotemporal dementia?
Frontotemporal dementia is a term used to describe disorders that primarily affect the frontal and temporal lobes of the brain which causes them to shrink or atrophy. These areas of the brain are generally associated with personality, behaviour and language. Some people with frontotemporal dementia have dramatic changes in their personality and may become impulsive, lack inhibition and have repetitive compulsive behaviours such as tapping or clapping together with difficulty with speech and language.
What are the symptoms of dementia with Lewy bodies?
Lewy body dementia is the second most common type of progressive dementia after Alzheimer's disease. Protein deposits, called Lewy bodies, develop in cells in the areas of the brain involved in thinking, memory and movement. People with dementia with Lewy bodies may experience visual hallucinations. Other symptoms include rigid muscles, slow movement, walking difficulty and tremors similar to those experienced in Parkinson's disease.
Every individual living with dementia will have different needs and preferences. Our carers endeavour to build connected relationships with each resident so that we can deliver the right care for your clinical, social and spiritual needs.Return to Dementia Care
What is dementia?
Dementia describes a collection of symptoms that are caused by disorders affecting the brain. In other words, dementia isn't one specific disease.Learn more about dementia
Person-centred care is at the heart of our approach to care. It means supporting our residents to live a meaningful life every day in a personalised and considered way.Learn more
Planning ahead for a new home
Planning ahead helps with your loved ones future, and putting things in place to make them feel comfortable. This includes establishing a new home.Learn more
Memory care neighbourhoods
In some of our Care Communities we have areas known as Memory care neighbourhoods (MCN). They are a safe designated area or cluster of rooms where residents living with dementia reside.Learn more
5 Steps into Residential Aged Care
Commonly asked questions about Dementia
Dementia isn’t a single disease, but a term used to describe the symptoms of a range of illnesses which cause a progressive decline in the ability to think and perform everyday tasks. It can also lead to changes in personality and behaviour. While there is no cure for dementia, it’s important to keep in mind that it is possible to continue to maintain a good quality of life for many people. For more information, click here.
There are many types of dementia but the most common causes include Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies. Understanding the symptoms associated with each type of dementia can help in ensuring each person’s care needs are met.
Thinking about the move into residential care is never easy and can bring up all sorts of emotions. It’s time to start the conversation about moving into care when you have concerns that your loved one isn’t coping well with day-to-day activities or if you feel safety is a concern. The earlier you start the conversation, the more time everyone will have to consider options and make informed decisions.
Dementia has a huge impact not only on the person who has been diagnosed, but also on those closest to them. Some of the feelings commonly experienced by carers include guilt, grief, loss and even anger. Even if your loved one isn’t ready to move into long-term care, feel free to arrange for a chat with our knowledgeable team who’ll be happy to offer advice or put you in touch with other carers who are going through the same thing and can offer support and understanding.
Think about a short stay in respite care to start with. Perhaps arrange to go and have lunch or participate in an activity that your loved one enjoys. This will give you both a chance to find out if the Care Community feels like a good fit and it will give you both confidence in your decision.
It’s natural to feel apprehensive about making such a big decision. It’s important to remember that you’re not alone. Our team understands that it can feel overwhelming and they can provide direct support and suggest strategies to make things easier.
Moving house is among the most stressful life events. When moving house is combined with a big life change like moving into residential care, it can have a significant impact. Often the move into care comes about as a result of a traumatic event such as a fall rather than a considered decision process, so the circumstances around the move can feel overwhelming and out of the person’s control. Sometimes the person moving into care can take out their frustrations on their family if they don’t feel in control. It’s important to ensure that your loved one feels a part of the decision making process. If this happens, try not to take it personally. Our team are here to help and support both you and your loved one through this time.
Everyone’s different but on average you can expect most people to start feeling more comfortable and at home in around two to six weeks. It’s a big adjustment so try not to get disheartened if it seems to take a while. The most important thing is to just take each day at a time and speak with our leadership team if you have any concerns.